University of Nevada, Reno Karate Class
Video of Heain Shodan
Grading Study Guide
Japanese Terms Used in Karate Class

Number Japanese Pronunciation

1 ichi eech

2 ni nee

3 san sahn

4 shi shee

5 go goh

6 roku rohk

7 shichi sheech

8 hachi hahch

9 kyu kyoo

10 ju joo

Yoi (yoy) - get ready (into ready stance)

Hajime (hah-jee-meh) - begin

Yame (yah-meh) - stop

Yasume (yah-su-meh) - relax

Mawatte (mah-wah-teh) - turn around (in stance)

Rei (ray) - bow

Shomen ni rei (shoh-men nee ray) - bow to the front (of the dojo)

Sensei ni rei (sen-say nee ray) - bow to instructor

Otaigai ni rei (oh-tai-gai nee ray) - bow to each other (partner)

Seiza (say-zah) - sit (in Japanese formal sitting position)

Mokusoh (mohk-soh) - meditate

Kihon (kee-hohn) - basic techniques

Kata (kah-tah) - pre arranged forms consisting of techniques

Kumite (koo-mee-teh) - sparring

Osu (ohss) - used to mean almost anything; an affirmative, an agreement, a greeting, etc.

Kime (kee-meh) - focus

Kiai (kee-aee) - spirit yell to focus and strenghten techniques; a "coming together of decision/spirit/energy"

Jodan (joh-dahn) - upper level i.e. face, chin, head

Chudan (choo-dahn) - mid-level i.e. chest, stomach

Gedan (geh-dahn) - low-level i.e. groin, knees, shins

Dojo kun (doh-joh koon) - the five precepts of shotokan karate

Hai - an affirmative, "Yes"

Sempai -- senior student

Koh-hai -- junior student